FTP stands for “file transfer protocol”. It is standard network protocol use to transfer files from one host to another host. FTP allows for efficient sharing and management of files between computers on a network.
What is FTP:
FTP is a file transfer protocol that allows user to perform various file operations, like uploading, downloading files, creating directories, renaming files, and deleting files. It can be used through dedicated FTP client software, or command line interfaces, or even web browser.
Also transferring files from one system to another is very simple and easy but sometimes it can cause problems. For example, two systems may have different file conventions. Two systems may have different ways to represent text or data. Two systems have different directory structures. FTP overcome these problems by establishing two connection between hosts. One connection is used for data transfer and another connection is used for the control connection.
- Legacy systems: many legacy systems, servers, and devices still support FTP, and organizations may continue using it to maintain compatibility with these older systems.
- Easy to USE: FTP is relatively simple to set up and use. Its straightforward command structures make it accessible for users with basic technical knowledge.
- Wide support: FTP clients are available for various platforms, including Windows, macOS, or Linux. This makes it easy for users on different operating systems to access and transfer files.
- Bulk file Transfer: FTP can be efficient for transferring large numbers of files or directories at once. It supports batch processing and can be automated using scripts or scheduling tools.
- Network configuration: in some network setups, especially closed or controlled environments, FTP might be the preferred method for transferring files due to specific firewall or security policies
- Backup or Storage: FTP can be used as a means to backup and store files remotely. Although there are more secure alternatives, organizations might choose FTP for this purpose due to familiarity and cost considerations.
- migration: one of the most use FTPs is doing migration or uploading large files on the server.
Advantages of FTP:
- Speed: one of the biggest advantages of FTP is speed. FTP is one of the fastest ways to transfer files from one computer to another computer.
- Efficient: it is more efficient as we do need to complete all the operations to get the entire file.
- Security: To access the FTP server, we need to log in with the user id or password. Therefore, we can say that FTP is more secure
- .migration of the website: It helps you to migrate your website easily or upload long file sizes on the server.
Disadvantages of FTP:
- Lack of Encryption: FTP transfers data in simple plain text. The lack of encryption can compromise the security of sensitive information, including user names, passwords, and the content of transferred files.
- Filtering active FTP connections is difficult on your local machine.
- The server can be spoofed to send data to a port on the wrong computer.
How to Make FTP account in cpanel:
here we will learn how to create an FTP account in Cpanel. in the next post, we will see how to use FTP account to uploading large files on the server.
- Login in Cpanel
- Search FTP and then click on FTP
- fill your FTP account name which you want
- click on Generate password
- select your quota(space)
- Then click on Create FTP Account.